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The Science behind Dyslexia: An Explanation of What’s Really Going On

As mentioned last week, Dyslexia Awareness Month is about educating and raising awareness about the learning disability. People tend to stereotype in society about what it means to be dyslexic; however, there is scientific explanation for such a “gift.”

Neuroscience research shows that people who live with dyslexia are actually intelligent individuals. Dyslexia is a matter of brain functionality and processing.

Research conducted by The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity examines how reading and IQ development “are dynamically linked over time. Dyslexia, specific reading disability, is defined as an unexpected difficulty in reading in relation to cognitive ability, education or professional status.”

The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity is committed to defining dyslexia scientifically and understanding how the brain functions, as well as providing supportive informational resources and advocacy. Its purpose is to “better the lives of people with dyslexia.”

Evidence proves that a dyslexic person can have “a very high IQ and yet read at a much lower level.” Children have the intelligence to learn how to read but do not have the reading and cognitive ability similar to others within age group.

It doesn’t mean that dyslexic individuals cannot read, but that they learn differently from those who are not dyslexic. Science and technology have provided the opportunity for further understanding on how dyslexics function. Brain imaging demonstrates that there is “a disruption of left-hemisphere posterior neural systems in child and adult dyslexia readers when they perform reading tasks.”

Scientific discoveries and observations have only made educational policy support and early intervention more reliable and effective when improving everyday function for those who live with dyslexia. Findings have made educators and policy makers more likely to provide the necessary resources for ensuring success in the classroom and beyond.

We can educate society about dyslexia with the information known today. The learning process never ends because there is so much more that hasn’t been discovered yet. It is important for people to understand how their own colleagues and peers see the world differently. People are different; expect it and accept it.

To learn more about scientific findings on dyslexia, check out the Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity website at http://dyslexia.yale.edu/index.html


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